Cricket, The Gentleman's Game, is the national sport of England, and was first played in the early 16th Century in the South of England.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch.
A coin is tossed before each match, and the winner of the toss decides whether their team will bat or field and bowl first. The first team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and therefore limit the runs scored by the batting team.
A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed.
Four runs are given when the ball is hit across the boundary line at the edge of the field after the ball has been hit and has touched the ground. Six runs are given when the ball crosses the boundary line and has not touched the ground after being hit by the batsman.
The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. The winner of the game is the team which has scored the most runs in their innings, or has dismissed 10 of the 11 batsmen from the opposing team before they could match their score.